- Chanting of the Qur’ān to popular melodies, especially widespread from the ninth to the 12th centuries in the Arabic-speaking world and condemned by juridical understandings of Islam.
Historical dictionary of sacred music. Joseph P. Swain. 2006.
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Qīra’a — Cantillation of the Qur’ān by a qāri (cantor), one of the two forms of compulsory mosque music. The language is Arabic. It may be done by a layperson in plain style (muratta), usually for private devotion, or in an embellished, learned style… … Historical dictionary of sacred music
Tajwīd — The most learned and precise form of chanting of the Qur’ān in the original Arabic, proceeding in gradually rising and falling phrases with silences at syntactically appropriate moments. The criteria for proper chanting are textual:… … Historical dictionary of sacred music
Hymn — A devotional song. The term, of obscure Greek origin, refers to repertories in every major religion that have the following characteristics: • Texts are sacred but non scriptural strophic poetry. • The melodies, through elements of… … Historical dictionary of sacred music